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What To Look for in A Technical SEO Audit?

By Digital Journal Blog

Technical SEO audit serves as a comprehensive evaluation of a website’s technical elements to identify areas of improvement and ensure optimal performance. By conducting a thorough technical SEO audit, website owners can address issues that may hinder their search rankings and user experience.

In this article, we will delve into the importance of technical SEO audits and outline key factors to consider when conducting one.


Understanding Technical SEO Audits
The Benefits of Conducting a Technical SEO Audit
Essential Elements of a Technical SEO Audit
1. Website Structure Analysis
2. Website Indexation Review
3. On-Page Optimization Assessment
4. Website Speed and Performance Evaluation
5. Mobile-Friendliness Check
6. Technical SEO Analysis Tools
7. Backlink Profile Review
8. Website Security Audit
9. Schema Markup Evaluation
Interpreting Technical SEO Audit Results
Taking Action: Implementing Technical SEO Recommendations
Most Commonly Asked Questions

Understanding Technical SEO Audits

What is a Technical SEO Audit?

A technical SEO audit is a systematic examination of a website’s technical infrastructure to assess its compliance with search engine guidelines and best practices.

It involves analyzing various aspects, including website structure, indexing, crawling, website speed, mobile-friendliness, and more.

The purpose of a technical SEO audit is to uncover any issues or barriers that might prevent search engines from properly crawling, indexing, and ranking the website.

The Role of Technical SEO Audits in Optimizing Website Performance

Technical SEO audits play a pivotal role in optimizing website performance and enhancing its visibility in search engine results pages (SERPs).

The following are some major advantages of performing a technical SEO audit:

  • Improved Crawling and Indexing: A technical SEO audit helps identify any barriers that may obstruct search engine bots from crawling and indexing web pages. By fixing these problems, website owners may make sure that search engines can access their information, improving exposure in search results.
  • Enhanced User Experience: Technical SEO audits consider factors like website speed, mobile-friendliness, and overall user experience. By optimizing these elements, websites can provide visitors with a seamless browsing experience, resulting in increased engagement, lower bounce rates, and higher chances of conversions.
  • Identification of Technical Issues: Auditing the technical aspects of a website helps identify underlying issues that may affect its performance. These issues can include broken links, duplicate content, improper redirects, and more. Resolving these issues improves website functionality and positively impacts search engine rankings.
  • Competitive Advantage: A thorough technical SEO audit allows website owners to gain insights into their competitors’ technical strategies. By identifying areas where competitors excel or lack, website owners can make informed decisions to gain a competitive edge in search rankings.
  • Website Security and Trust: Technical SEO audits can identify security vulnerabilities and ensure websites are protected against hacking attempts or malware infections. A secure website builds trust with users and search engines, leading to improved rankings and increased organic traffic.

The Benefits of Conducting a Technical SEO Audit

A technical SEO audit is an essential process for ensuring that your website is optimized for search engines.

By thoroughly assessing and identifying technical issues that may be affecting your site’s performance, you can take necessary steps to improve its visibility and rankings on search engine results pages (SERPs).

Improving Website Crawlability and Indexability

One of the primary goals of a technical SEO audit is to ensure that search engine bots can effectively crawl and index your website.

Crawlability refers to the ability of search engine bots to navigate through your site’s pages, while indexability refers to the inclusion of your webpages in search engine indexes.

A thorough audit can identify potential issues that might hinder search engine bots from properly crawling and indexing your site.

During The Audit, Pay Attention to Factors Such as:

  • Robots.txt file: This file gives instructions to search engine bots regarding which pages to crawl and which ones to exclude. Make sure that it is properly configured to allow important pages to be crawled and indexed.
  • XML sitemap: An XML sitemap is a file that provides search engines with a roadmap of your website’s structure. Check if your XML sitemap is correctly formatted and submitted to search engines to ensure all relevant pages are indexed.
  • URL structure: A well-structured URL hierarchy helps search engine bots understand the organization of your website. Check for any URL parameters or dynamic URLs that may hinder crawling and indexing.
  • Internal linking: Evaluate the internal linking structure of your website to ensure that search engine bots can easily navigate between pages. Broken or orphaned links should be identified and fixed.

Enhancing Website Speed and Performance

The user experience and search engine rankings are greatly impacted by the speed and performance of websites.

Slow-loading websites tend to have higher bounce rates and lower user engagement, negatively impacting organic rankings.

A technical SEO audit should address performance-related issues and suggest improvements to enhance website speed.

Consider The Following Aspects During the Audit:

  • Page Load Times: Assess the load times of your webpages and identify potential bottlenecks. Compress images, minify CSS and JavaScript files, and leverage browser caching to optimize page speed.
  • Server Response Times: Website performance can be greatly impacted by slow server response times. Evaluate the server response times and work with your hosting provider to optimize them if necessary.
  • Mobile Optimization: With the increasing use of mobile devices for web browsing, it is crucial to ensure that your website is mobile-friendly. Check for responsive design, mobile-specific issues, and the overall mobile user experience.
  • Technical Optimizations: Analyze technical factors such as gzip compression, browser rendering, and resource caching to optimize website performance.

Boosting Website User Experience (UX)

A positive user experience is paramount to keep visitors engaged and encourage them to explore your website further. A technical SEO audit should address UX-related issues to provide a smooth and enjoyable browsing experience for your audience.

Key Subjects to Pay Attention to During the Audit Include:

  • Navigation Structure: Evaluate the navigation menus and ensure they are intuitive, easy to use, and properly structured. Implement breadcrumbs to help users understand their location within the website.
  • Mobile Responsiveness: Mobile devices contribute significantly to website traffic. Ensure that your website offers a seamless experience across various screen sizes and resolutions.
  • Broken Links and Error Pages: Identify and fix broken links and error pages to avoid frustrating user experiences. Implement custom error pages with helpful information or redirect users to relevant content.
  • Readability and Accessibility: Check the readability of your website’s content by analyzing factors such as font sizes, spacing, and contrast. Ensure that your website meets accessibility standards, including alt tags for images and proper heading structure.

Essential Elements of a Technical SEO Audit

1. Website Structure Analysis

User experience and search engine optimization both heavily depend on the website’s structure. During a technical SEO audit, it is important to evaluate your website architecture and ensure it is logical and user-friendly.

This includes assessing the organization of your content, navigation menus, and internal linking structure. Additionally, analyzing the URL structure and hierarchy is vital to ensure that your website’s URLs are concise, descriptive, and easily understandable by both users and search engines.

2. Website Indexation Review

Proper indexation of your website’s pages by search engines is essential for visibility in search results. During a technical SEO audit, it is important to analyze the XML sitemap of your website to ensure that all relevant pages are included and accurately listed.

Additionally, identifying and resolving crawl errors, such as broken links or inaccessible pages, is crucial to ensure that search engine bots can properly crawl and index your website’s content.

3. On-Page Optimization Assessment

On-page optimization directly impacts your website’s visibility in search engine results. During a technical SEO audit, it is crucial to analyze the meta tags and descriptions of your web pages.

Ensure that they are optimized with relevant keywords, accurately reflect the content of each page, and are within the recommended character limits.

Additionally, assess the overall keyword usage and optimization on your website to identify any opportunities for improvement and ensure that your content aligns with search engine guidelines.

4. Website Speed and Performance Evaluation

Website speed and performance are key factors that impact user experience and search engine rankings. Slow-loading websites can lead to higher bounce rates and lower search engine visibility.

Therefore, during a technical SEO audit, it is important to assess the page load times of your website and identify any potential issues that may be causing slow loading speeds.

Additionally, evaluating server response codes helps identify any server-side issues that may affect website performance.

5. Mobile-Friendliness Check

In the mobile-first era, ensuring that your website is mobile-friendly is crucial for both user experience and search engine optimization.

During a technical SEO audit, assess whether your website has a responsive design that adapts to different screen sizes and devices.

A responsive design ensures that your website looks and functions well on mobile devices, which is a ranking factor considered by search engines.

Analyzing the mobile website performance, including loading speed and ease of navigation, is also essential to provide a seamless mobile experience.

6. Technical SEO Analysis Tools

When conducting a technical SEO audit, utilizing the right tools can greatly facilitate data collection and analysis.

Several popular technical SEO analysis tools are available in the market, designed to assist in identifying issues and providing actionable insights.

These tools offer features such as website crawling, indexing analysis, and performance metrics. Examples of such tools include Screaming Frog, SEMrush, and Ahrefs.

A backlink profile review is an essential part of a technical SEO audit. It involves analyzing the quality and relevance of the websites linking to your site.

High-quality backlinks from authoritative and relevant sources can significantly boost your website’s search engine rankings. Conversely, toxic backlinks from spammy or irrelevant websites can have a detrimental effect.

Tools like Majestic and Moz’s Open Site Explorer can aid in analyzing your backlink profile and identifying toxic backlinks that should be disavowed.

8. Website Security Audit

A vital component of establishing a solid online presence is website security. During a technical SEO audit, it is essential to assess the security measures implemented on your website.

This includes checking if your website is secured with HTTPS and has an SSL certificate installed. These security measures not only protect user data but also contribute to improved search engine rankings.

Tools like Qualys SSL Labs and Google’s Security Issues Report can help identify vulnerabilities and recommend necessary fixes.


9. Schema Markup Evaluation

A code known as schema markup is applied to your website’s HTML to give search engines more details about your content.

This structured data helps search engines understand and display your website’s content more effectively. During a technical SEO audit, evaluating the usage and implementation of schema markup is crucial.

Tools such as Google’s Structured Data Testing Tool and’s Markup Validator can assist in analyzing and optimizing schema markup for better search visibility.

Interpreting Technical SEO Audit Results

After conducting a technical SEO audit, it is important to understand the audit reports and data obtained. This involves analyzing the findings and identifying areas that require improvement and optimization.

Look for issues such as broken links, duplicate content, slow page load times, and mobile responsiveness problems. Prioritize the identified issues based on their potential impact on your website’s performance and search rankings.

Taking Action: Implementing Technical SEO Recommendations

Once you have identified areas for improvement and optimization through the audit, it’s time to take action. Collaborate with developers and SEO professionals to implement the recommended changes.

Prioritize the tasks based on their urgency and potential impact on your website’s performance. Regularly monitor the effects of these changes and make necessary adjustments as needed.


In summing it up, a technical SEO audit is essential for optimizing a website’s performance and search engine visibility.

It includes examining the website’s crawlability, indexability, site structure, URL structure, internal linking strategy, redirects, canonicalization, duplicate content issues, page load speed, mobile-friendliness, and schema markup implementation.

Most Commonly Asked Questions

Q. What is the recommended frequency for conducting a technical SEO audit?

The recommended frequency for conducting a technical SEO audit is at least once a year, or whenever significant changes are made to your website.

Q. Can I perform a technical SEO audit on my own, or should I hire a professional?

You can perform a technical SEO audit on your own, but it can be complex and time-consuming. Hiring a professional with expertise in SEO can ensure a more thorough and accurate audit.

Q. How long does it take to complete a comprehensive technical SEO audit?

Depending on the size and complexity of the website, a thorough technical SEO audit may take a certain amount of time to conduct. It could take many days or several weeks.

Q. What are some common technical SEO issues that can be uncovered during an audit?

Some common technical SEO issues that can be uncovered during an audit include broken links, duplicate content, slow page load speed, improper use of meta tags, XML sitemap errors, and mobile responsiveness issues.

Q. Are there any free tools available for conducting a technical SEO audit?

Yes, there are free tools available for conducting a technical SEO audit. Some popular ones include Google Search Console, Screaming Frog, GTmetrix, and MozBar.

Q. What are the potential consequences of neglecting a technical SEO audit?

Neglecting a technical SEO audits can lead to various consequences such as decreased organic search visibility, lower search engine rankings, reduced website traffic, and missed opportunities for optimization and improvement.

Q. How can I monitor the progress and effectiveness of the implemented technical SEO recommendations?

To monitor the progress and effectiveness of implemented technical SEO recommendations, you can use tools like Google Analytics to track website traffic, rankings, and conversions. Regularly reviewing key performance indicators (KPIs) and tracking changes over time can provide insights into the effectiveness of your SEO efforts.

Q. What are some advanced techniques or strategies for technical SEO optimization?

Advanced techniques or strategies for technical SEO optimization include implementing schema markup for enhanced search engine understanding, optimizing website speed and performance, utilizing structured data, optimizing for voice search, implementing hreflang tags for international SEO, and conducting in-depth keyword research to uncover new opportunities.

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